Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are vibrant urban destinations in Vietnam. Here’s our guide of what to do when visiting Vietnam cities.
Vietnam’s intriguing history is coloured by thousands of years of Chinese rule, colonisation by the French and communism when the country became the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Although Vietnam spent a large part of the 20th century at war, younger generations of Vietnamese today are optimistic about the future.
The capital, Hanoi, lies on the banks of the Red River and is a city of lakes and green parks. As the former French administrative centre, its boulevards are lined with old French colonial buildings. Hanoi is also the cultural centre of Vietnam with mysterious pagodas, temples and museums.
Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon, once the capital of South Vietnam) is a chaotic economic centre with bustling markets and motorbike-packed streets. Grand colonial buildings and wide boulevards are reminiscent of the days when it was known as the Paris of the Orient.
Traditional Vietnamese folk dancing
Since the dawn of Vietnamese culture, traditional folk dances were a channel for emotional expression.
There are 54 different ethnic groups in Vietnam and hundreds of different traditional folk dances.
Dances are usually performed at festivals and celebrations where skilful performers dazzle the crowds with graceful moves and extravagant costumes.
Cyclo around Hanoi’s old quarter
A quintessential Hanoi experience is to ride through the Old Quarter in a three-wheeled bicycle-powered rickshaw, or cyclo. Many cyclos are pedalled by lean elderly riders.
Hanoi’s Old Quarter is a maze of ancient merchant shop-houses. It has a chaotic bazaar-like atmosphere created by merchants and shoppers.
There are cyclos everywhere in Vietnam. Here is a video of a fantastic cyclo tour in Hue.
Motorbike around Ho Chi Minh City
Once packed with push bikes, the streets of Ho Chi Minh City now swirl with 100cc motorbikes which are the main form of transportation for the city’s population of over six million people.
For the visitor, a motorbike ride is a daunting but rather thrilling way of experiencing the city’s vibrant atmosphere.
Admire French architecture
The French formed Indochina (what is known today as Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia) in 1887, leaving a legacy of elegant French architecture.
Landmarks in Hanoi include the Opera House, the Presidential Palace and Ho Chi Minh’s house. Ho Chi Minh City’s French heritage includes historic hotels, the Neo-Romanesque Notre Dame Cathedral and the Gustave Eiffel-designed General Post Office.
Watch a water puppet theatre show in Hanoi
The ancient art of Vietnamese water puppetry has its origins in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam.
The puppeteers stand in a pond, river or pool and operate hand-carved painted wooden puppets using rods and wires from behind a bamboo screen.
Vietnam’s top puppet troupes travel the world performing ancient Vietnamese legends.
Crawl around the Cu Chi tunnels in Ho Chi Minh City
The Cu Chi tunnels once stretched over 250 kilometres underground, from the Cambodian border to the outskirts of Ho Chi Minh City.
The North Vietnamese Viet Cong army used these tunnels to mount surprise attacks which won them victory over the South Vietnamese.
The tunnels, which began in 1948, were dug entirely with hand tools.