Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary

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Canada has a treasure trove of natural wonders, from the Rocky Mountains to the amazing Niagara Falls. It’s a nature lovers haven, with eye-popping landscapes and pristine national parks. Try ticking off a list of things to do in Canada and you’ll soon discover you might need more time than you had planned. As you travel around Canada, it’s the landscapes that draw you in while fascinating local experiences, like a visit to the Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary, keep drawing you back.

Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary Video

The sanctuary is one of the few wolfdog rescue sanctuaries in the world and run by animal lover and wolfdog advocate, Georgina de Caigny.

Despite the freezing weather, De Caigny greeted me with the warmest smile.

A wolfdog is simply the offspring of a wolf and a dog.

At Yamnuska, I met two high content wolfdogs and two low content wolfdogs.


High-, mid- and low-content wolf dogs are identified by physical and behavioural traits, as well as other biological factors.

Canadian wolf dog with guests at Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary.

Alpha male, Zeus, skulked behind a row of trees, about 30m from where I stood. The wolf dog’s thick black coat was a contrast against a blanket of snow on the ground.

When I locked eyes with Zeus, I was startled by the intensity of the pack leader’s gaze.

Zeus, the alpha male of the pack, was constantly shadowed by another wolf dog, a white-coated Arctic wolfdog called Nova.

high content wolfdog
Zeus is a high content wolfdog at Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary.

Low content wolfdog

wolfdog rescue
Wolfdogs at Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary.

Kuna, the alpha female, was the first wolf dog to live in Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary.

It was obvious that Kuna ruled the rest.

The friendliest wolf dog at Yamnuska, Nikki, was constantly coming up to me for pats.

I was most surprised to learn that when Nikki first arrived she was extremely shy and would hide in a corner.

Nikki, along with Charlie are both low-content wolf dogs.

The wolf dogs display interesting pack dynamics, with the alpha male and female guiding the pack.

A fight between Charlie, the newest pack member, and Nova attracted my attention.

Teeth bared and growling, they circled each other. Nova rushed at Charlie and the newer wolfdog rolled over in submission.

I learnt a great deal by chatting with De Caigny, who puts an enormous effort into saving and rehabilitating wolf dogs.

Also read about these amazing Canadian facts and discover the best landmarks in Canada to see. 

The Canadian wolf dog

Yamnuska Wolfdog rescue
Wolfdog breeds at Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary.

In North America, wolfdogs are bred and sold as pets.

Unfortunately, most wolfdogs are not suited to life as a domestic pet and create significant behavioural challenges such as digging and chewing their way out of conventional fencing.

Wolfdogs are far more independent than domestic dogs and are extremely shy.

They need a lot of exercise, exhibit strong pack behaviour.

This has resulted in a significant number of abandoned animals.

The International Fund for Animal Welfare estimates there are around 300,000 wolf dogs and 1,500 pure wolves living in captivity in North America.

De Caigny says that they are more like cats than dogs.

Low content wolf dogs (wolf dogs with more dog than wolf genes) are not as concerned about their position in the pack hierarchy.

“Wolf dogs only do what they want to do, while dogs are domesticated to respond to humans,” she said.

De Caigny is attracted to the intelligence of the high content wolf dogs. These animals have strong personalities and a mind of their own.

De Caigny has an especially strong bond with Kuna, who has found a way of communicating with De Caigny.

The two have such a strong bond that Kuna curls up on De Caigny’s bed to sleep each night. Her bond with Kuna has allowed her the opportunity to train the other wolf dogs.

Many travellers love exploring Canada by train, either on the Rocky Mountaineer or the Canadian government operated Via Rail train across Canada.

Transcript of video interview with Georgina de Caigny

Georgina de Caigny: So we’ve got three high-content wolf dogs and two low-content wolfdogs

Christina Pfeiffer: Okay, so which one, that one over there, that black one…

GC: So the black one over there, that’s Zeus so he’s our Alpha Male he’s been here for about a year and a half now. We got him when he was a year old as a rescue.

The white boy following him there that’s Nova. He’s only about 10 months old so he’s pretty young and he’s actually an Arctic wolf dog that’s why he got that pure white coat and that very shaggy coat and then the third one Kuna the great one by the red barn.

She’s also one of our high-content wolf dogs and she’s our Alpha female and she’s our first wolf dog here. Definitely rules the rest.

CP: Yeah, and these two, Nikki and…

GC: So Nikki the sable one, she’s a low-content wolfdog. We’ve had her for about three months and then we got Charlie as well who’s another great low-content wolfdog.

GC: Oh Nikki, you’re such a good girl. Look at you! Can you guys believe that three months ago Nikki was completely feral? Never had any contact with other people or anything like that so..

Visitor: So how was she when she first came in?

GC: She basically hid in a corner and that’s it. You know, when most of the time, you know, I can’t just reach out and pet her or anything like that.

Basically sucking up to Kuna and her respects to her that’s for sure and Nova’s not too happy about it. But these guys are pretty good at, you know, sorting out their pack dynamics on their own.

Wolf dog rescue
Low content wolfdog at Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary.

So when I first get a new rescue in, the first thing that I always wanna do is classify them as low content or high content wolfdog. And especially with rescues, you really don’t know where they came from and..

So they’re gonna go schmooze up to Zeus right now and Nova’s gonna get mad at Charlie because Nova’s basically telling Charlie that, you know, Zeus is his surrogate Dad and not Charlie’s Dad and what not so yeah so when it comes to the wolf dogs, you know, I never really know their lineage or anything like that.

So what we do in rescues is something called phenotyping where, essentially based on the physical traits, behavioural traits, as well as some biological factors, we’re able to determine whether they are a low, mid, or high-content wolfdog.

Finding more about how a wolfdog rescue operation is run is just one of the interesting places to go.

Yamnuska Wolf Dog Sanctuary is located near Calgary, which is the gateway to the Rocky Mountains.

The Canadian Rockies is breathtakingly beautiful and there are plenty of activities on offer like golfing, hiking (heli hiking is a wonderful way to see the mountains) and skiing in winter.

Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary

Yamnuska Wolfdog Sanctuary

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Christina Pfeiffer
Christina Pfeiffer is a writer, photographer and video blogger based in Queensland, Australia. She has lived in three continents and her career as a travel journalist has taken her to all seven continents. Since 2003, she has contributed travel stories and photographs to mainstream media in Australia and around the world such as the Sydney Morning Herald, CNN Traveller, The Australian and the South China Morning Post. She has won many travel writing awards and is a full member of the Australian Society of Travel Writers.