A country with stunning landscapes of mountains, waterfalls and lakes, Canada has a huge selection of natural landmarks. With a rich history and vibrant cities, Canadian landmarks such as CN Tower and Canadian Museum For Human Rights have become instantly recognisable too.
However, you’d be surprised that the second-largest country in the world has plenty of stunning landmarks in Canada that are often easily overlooked. From iconic buildings to natural landforms to quirky statues, here are some of the top Canadian landmarks to tick off your list.
If you like reading about landmarks, here are 25 Australian landmarks that will amaze you, 15 landmarks in Spain, 21 landmarks in Egypt and 20 Incredible Brazil Landmarks and 25 China Landmarks that will knock your socks off.
- Canadian Landmarks for Your Bucket List
- 1- Niagara Falls, Ontario
- 2- Lake Louise, Alberta
- 3- Mount Robson, Canadian Rockies
- 4- Canadian Museum for Human Rights, Winnipeg
- 5- Chateau Frontenac, Quebec City
- 6- Hopewell Rocks, New Brunswick
- 7- CN Tower, Toronto
- 8- Parliament Hill, Ottawa
- 9- Carcross Desert, Yukon
- 10- Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump, Alberta
- 11- Notre Dame Basilica in Montreal
- The Most Quirky Landmarks in Canada
- 12- The World’s Largest Fiddle, Nova Scotia
- 13- The Lochness Monster, Kelowna
- 14- The Big Apple, Colborne, Ontario
- 15- Jumbo the ‘King of Elephants’, St Thomas, Ontario
- 16- UFO Landing Pad, St Paul, Alberta
- 17- World’s Largest Perogy, Glendon, Alberta
- 18- The Big Nickel, Sudbury, Ontario
- 19- The Wawa Goose Monument, Wawa, Ontario
- 20- The Giant Beaver, Beaverlodge, Alberta
- 21- The World’s Largest Bee, Falher, Alberta
- 22- World’s Largest Axe, Nackawic, New Brunswick
Canadian Landmarks for Your Bucket List
1- Niagara Falls, Ontario
Straddling the border of Canada and USA, Niagara Falls is a natural wonder that attracts tourists by the millions every year.
Three waterfalls are spread across the two countries but besides being a tourist attraction, the volume of water produced by this Canadian landmark makes it a source of hydroelectric power.
The most impressive views of the falls are of Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side, where you can view the falls both at night and during the day.
Other ways to experience Niagara Falls include flying above the falls in a helicopter, zipping across it on the zip line, cruising with Hornblower Niagara Cruises and exploring behind the falls with Journey Behind the Falls.
2- Lake Louise, Alberta
Banff National Park’s most famous lake, Lake Louise is a shimmering emerald pool in a picturesque landscape of snow-covered mountains.
The lake gets its colour from the rock flour that is swept down by meltwater from glaciers and is one of the most beautiful natural landmarks in Canada.
Named after a British princess, the daughter of Queen Victoria, Lake Louise is just as beautiful in winter as it is at other times of the year and is a fantastic place to go skiing in Alberta.
Thinking of going skiing in Canada? Read this guide to ski resorts in Canada.
3- Mount Robson, Canadian Rockies
Although Mount Robson is not the tallest mountain in Canada or even British Columbia, it’s the highest peak in the Canadian Rockies.
With out-of-this-world scenery and home to wildlife, the Canadian Rockies is an inspiring place to soak up the power of nature.
You can explore the Rockies by visiting a number of national parks including Banff National Park, Jasper National Park, Kootenay or Yoho National Parks but if you want to see the highest mountain go to Mount Robson Provincial Park.
Part of the UNESCO World Heritage collection of Canadian Rockies parks, this one is not far from the town of Jasper (you can visit as a day trip).
4- Canadian Museum for Human Rights, Winnipeg
Opened on September 20, 2014, the Canadian Museum for Human Rights is a leading-edge Canadian landmark designed to honour the concept of human rights.
The entire project is visionary on many fronts, from its architecture to the thought-provoking galleries and displays inside it.
The building’s architecture designed by Antoine Predock is a futuristic landmark of Canada and the museum’s concept represents concepts of freedom, equality and.
5- Chateau Frontenac, Quebec City
The elegant 19th Century Chateau Frontenac is an instantly recognisable as a landmark in Canada’s Quebec City.
Named after one of the governors of the New France colony, Comte de Frontenac, the Canadian Pacific Railway Company built it in 1892.
Chateau Frontenac is a National Historic Site and one of the most stunning of several château-style hotels built to service the growth of the railway system in Canada.
6- Hopewell Rocks, New Brunswick
Shaped by centuries of tides pounding against the rocks, the unique Hopewell Rocks is in the Bay of Fundy.
One of the unique features of this Canadian landmark is the lower sections of the rocks are much thinner than the higher sections forming distinctive shapes.
During low tide, you can walk around Hopewell Rocks on the ocean floor while when the tide is high, the water level rises by 16 m from the ocean floor (picture a five-story building).
One of Canada’s natural wonders, The Bay of Fundy is a unique landscape of rocks, dinosaur fossils, minerals and the highest tides in the world.
7- CN Tower, Toronto
Toronto’s CN Tower may not be the world’s highest free-standing tower but it’s a Canadian landmark that can claim bragging rights for being one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World in 1995 (according to the American Society of Civil Engineers).
Built in 1974, the communication tower is 1,800-feet high and is one of the tallest towers in the world.
CN Tower can be seen from just about anywhere in Toronto but do make it a point to experience some of the tower’s attractions, such as the thrilling hands-free EdgeWalk circumnavigating the tower on a 5 ft (1.5 m) ledge or riding the glass elevator to the SkyPod, a viewing platform 447 m (1,465ft) above the city.
8- Parliament Hill, Ottawa
Ottawa became Canada’s capital in 1858 during the reign of Queen Victoria and Parliament was chosen as the site for the parliamentary buildings.
The Gothic Revival buildings have housed the Canadian Parliament since 1866, a year before Canada’s Confederation.
As part of a $3 billion restoration, the Centre Block of Parliament closed in 2018 for 10 years while the renovated West Block is home to the Canadian House of Commons.
9- Carcross Desert, Yukon
One of the most unusual Canadian landmarks is the Carcross Desert in the Yukon, which is the world’s smallest desert.
Spread across 260 hectares, the series of dunes were formed by sand blown from Bennett Lake.
10- Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump, Alberta
Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump may not be as well-known as Stonehenge or the Great Pyramid of Giza but it has the distinction of being much older.
6,000 years ago, Canada’s First Nations buffalo runners hunted bison by chasing them to the precipice where the bison leapt to their deaths at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump.
This Canadian landmark site in Alberta has immense archaeological and historical significance. It’s one of the things to do near Calgary.
It’s a place that marks the traditional way of life and communal hunting techniques used for centuries.
11- Notre Dame Basilica in Montreal
Montreal’s Notre Dame Basilica was the first Gothic Revival style church in Canada and became a basilica in 1982.
It’s worth paying the admission and taking a guided tour of the Notre-Dame Basilica to learn about the Parish, the building’s architecture and artwork.
The Most Quirky Landmarks in Canada
By Ilona Kauremszky
Going on a road trip around Canada to oogle at giant beavers and UFO landing pads might sound like a crazy way to spend your vacation. But ticking these landmarks in Canada off your list is a fun way to remember your drive across Canada.
These giant monuments represent the regions they stand in and they show off the things that these places are famous for. From naturally occurring formations to manmade objects of whimsy, here are 12 landmarks in Canada that will tickle your funny bone.
12- The World’s Largest Fiddle, Nova Scotia
Sydney’s world’s largest violin overlooks the Port of Sydney in Nova Scotia.
This beacon has become a symbol for the many cruise liners that dock at the new pier and serves as a warm welcome mat to the cruise-goers who disembark for their day excursions.
The big fiddle also serves as a fabulous example of Nova Scotia’s strong musical roots, which of course stems from the thousands of fiddlers who have called this province home.
13- The Lochness Monster, Kelowna
Canada’s version of the Lochness monster harbours in the deep Okanagan Lake in British Columbia.
Known as Ogopogo, you will be hard-pressed to ever see this magical, mysterious lake monster.
But you can be guaranteed a fun photo-op with the green sea dragon statue in Kelowna’s City Park.
Check out these list of things to do in British Columbia.
14- The Big Apple, Colborne, Ontario
Canada’s Big Apple reigns proud outside the small, sleepy hamlet of Colborne, Ontario.
As far as big things go, this one well and truly qualifies.
Snap a photo of the big red apple, which is purportedly the world’s biggest, while others come to purchase the legendary homemade apple pies.
15- Jumbo the ‘King of Elephants’, St Thomas, Ontario
Another landmark in Canada is the life-size statue of Jumbo the Elephant in St Thomas, Ontario.
Jumbo may not be Ontario’s most famous landmark, which is Niagara Falls (check out these Niagara Falls attractions).
However, it stands as a tribute to Jumbo the elephant, the most famous elephant in the world.
In the circus world, Jumbo was one of the big things in more ways than one.
Jumbo was the main attraction of P.T. Barnum’s Circus.
Jumbo died tragically after being hit by a train in the small town of St. Thomas in 1995.
So it should be no surprise the name Jumbo has come to mean anything that is extra-large.
16- UFO Landing Pad, St Paul, Alberta
Who needs to fly to Mars to see if there’s life when there’s a UFO Landing Pad … in Canada.
It’s a landmark in Canada? No kidding!!
This structure located in the small town of St. Paul Alberta, was built as a Centennial project in 1967 to commemorate Canada’s 100th birthday.
Incidentally that year St. Paul, Alberta was also declared the Centennial Capital of Canada.
The pad – billed as the world’s first UFO Landing Pad – was erected to attract local and extraterrestrial tourists.
None have ever showed up.
The town further expanded the attraction in the 1990s by adding a UFO tourist info centre, where visitors can see photos and documents of UFO sightings.
17- World’s Largest Perogy, Glendon, Alberta
The World’s Largest Perogy can’t be eaten but is greatly admired.
In your wildest dreams, you probably wouldn’t imagine this would be the subject of a famous landmark in Canada.
The foodie symbol represents the thousands of Ukrainian settlers who arrived to plant roots in this largely rural farming area.
Head to Glendon, Alberta, the province’s Perogy Capital, to view the massive boiled dumpling objet d’art. You can’t miss it.
The perogy sculpture stands eight meters tall and weighs 2700kg.
Head to the gift shop and Pyrogy Park Cafe right next door to purchase some real perogies to take home. The large dumpling-like structure is located in Pyrogy Park on Pyrogy Drive.
18- The Big Nickel, Sudbury, Ontario
Coin collectors will want to spend some coin to venture to see the world’s largest coin … which looms high in Canada.
It’s called the Big Nickel. This replica of the 1951 Canadian nickel coin is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s largest coin.
The Big Nickel is a landmark in the mining city of Sudbury in northern Ontario which was once home to the largest nickel mine in the world.
19- The Wawa Goose Monument, Wawa, Ontario
Canada’s goose gets top billing as one of Canada’s big things. Canada Goose parka apparel is known for its thick, warm down insulation.
Cinephiles love to watch the sweet documentary starring Canadian inventor Bill Lishman whose life project of the Canadian Geese was depicted in the movie classic, Fly Away Home.
So it’s no wonder there’s a roadside attraction dedicated to this bird. Head to Wawa, Ontario to see the Wawa Goose Statue.
“Wawa” is a native Ojibwe word for wild goose.
The statue is 8.5m tall and was erected in 1960.
The Wawa Goose has also been immortalized in a Stompin’ Tom Connors folk song.
20- The Giant Beaver, Beaverlodge, Alberta
It gets pretty fascinating watching busy beavers but it also gets pretty surreal spotting the world’s largest beaver, and no, it’s not a monster in a horror flick either.
The Giant Beaver located in Beaverlodge Alberta is one of the landmarks in Canada that was carved to celebrate the town’s 75th anniversary.
The beloved sculpture of Canada’s national animal is 4.5m high and 8.5m long.
Now that’s one big beaver!
21- The World’s Largest Bee, Falher, Alberta
It doesn’t sting but it sure is sweet.
Of course, the huge roadside landmark in Canada, about the size of a compact car, represents the town which is known as the “Honey Capital of Canada.”
Its creator, a local Richard Ethier built it entirely from steel in 1990 to commemorate the town’s first honey festival.
In Falher, more than 48,000 bee colonies are busy producing over 4.5 million kilograms of clover honey every year.
The big bee is located downtown on Main Street in Bee Park.
22- World’s Largest Axe, Nackawic, New Brunswick
You might think this monumentally huge tool was a weird prop from a B-grade horror movie, not a tourist landmark in Canada.
This solid piece of shiny steel is actually a monument to the lumber and forestry industry.
Located in Nackawic, New Brunswick and built in 1991, the huge woodsman’s axe is a symbol to hardworking Canadian lumberjacks.
In the year the axe was installed, Nackawic was named the “Forestry Capital of Canada.”
The shining, chromed-axe head is seven metres long and made of a solid piece of steel that was planted into a concrete stump 10m in diameter.
The axe handle extends 15m into the air and there’s a time capsule embedded in the axe head for future generations.