Prasat Hin Phimai and Phanom Rung Historical Park

Khmer wonders of Thailand

Prasat Hin Phimai and Phanom Rung Historical Park

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Photos: Christina Pfeiffer

The temples of Phimai were once a major stopover en route to Angkor Watt and the heart of the Khmer empire. These architectural marvels were built during the reign of Suyavarman I (1001 – 49) and Prasat Hin Phimai is a beautifully restored Khmer temple in Thailand.

While ancient temples are often located in isolated jungle spots, Prasat Hin Phimai’s charm lies in its position in the centre of the town of Phimai.

Phimai Dancers

We arrived in time to see the preparations for a light show. The dancers looked beautiful in their traditional northern Thai silk outfits, glittering jewellery and ornate hair pins.


Phimai dancer

They sat on the ancient stone slabs munching on potato chips and drinking Coca Cola.

As we wandered around the temple’s courtyards, we were able to imagine an ancient civilisation.

The temple started off as a shrine dedicated to Shiva and was later transformed into a Mahayana Buddhist temple.


The Temples of Phimai

Two orange-robed Buddhist monks approached us and offered us meditation CD’s and Buddhist neck amulets. Later, we spotted the same monks taking photographs of the temple with brand new digital cameras.

We clambered up the steep narrow stone steps for a closer look at some of the temple’s lintels and pediments, many of which portray ancient scenes from the Indian classical epic Ramayana.

The Khmer dynasty had some of the world’s greatest ancient architects. They built elaborate temples that symbolized the divine connection between their rulers and gods.

prasat hin phimai

phimai historical park


King Suryavarman II (1112-1152) built Angkor Watt and is believed to have drawn his inspiration from another Thai temple, Prasat Hin Phnom Rung.

Located on top of an extinct volcano, Prasat Hin Phnom Rung is a grand 12th century Khmer temple complex.

We slowly climbed the endless staircase built to symbolize the spiritual journey from earth to Hindu heaven.

In the temple grounds, we followed a group of young novice monks past the Naga Bridge, a structure guarded by serpent deities, into the eastern chamber.

Phimai historical park

Phimai historical park

Nandin the Bull

In the chamber there was a statue of Nandin the bull, the mythical mount of Hindu deity Shiva.

The Naga Bridges are identical to those in Angkor Watt.

The Khmer kings were also skilful astronomers and Phnom Rung’s buildings were astronomically aligned.

Visit during April around the time of the Songkran Festival (Thai New Year) and there’s a chance you’ll see the rays from the rising sun through all 15 doors of the stone sanctuary.

It gets pretty busy at that time of the year as crowds often camp out in the grounds at night to be the first in line to get into the temple.

At the foot of the Phnom Rung Mountain lies the remains of Prasat Muang Tam. Phnom Rung was constructed exclusively for the ruling class but Muang Tam was open to the common folk.

Although most of its chambers lie in ruins, it has a picturesque L-shaped ornamental lotus pond.

phanom rung historical park

phanom rung historical park

phanom rung historical park

Khun Ying Mo

In April, thousands of visitors flock to Thao Suranari to honour the memory of Khun Ying Mo, a brave local woman who saved the city from the Laotian army.

In 1825 Prince Anuwong of Vientiane moved his troops into this city hoping to free Vientiane from the Bangkok kings. The city was taken by surprise and Khun Ying Mo (the wife of the Deputy Governor) cleverly plied the troops with liquor and gathered the townsfolk to fight for freedom.

prasat phanom rung

prasat phanom rung

Dan Kwian

If you love Khmer design, go to Dan Kwian as it’s a treasure trove for keen home decorators. You’ll find plenty of sandstone statues, bowls and dishes, jewellery, chimes, carved sandstone wall hangings and vases. Dan Kwian is also well-known all over Thailand for its red clay pottery.

nakhon ratchasima city

nakhon ratchasima city


Night Market at Nakhon Ratchasima

The area’s main city is Nakhon Ratchasima, which is famous for its night bazaar. This is a crowded market with lots of food, clothing and craft stalls. Prices here are cheaper than most other (more touristy) places in Thailand.

We wandered around the market munching on local food such as delicious sticky rice stuffed with fried pork and sausages stuffed with rice, meat, vegetables, garlic and pepper. We even tried some crispy fried grasshoppers, water bugs, silk worms and a few other crunchies.

nakhon ratchasima city

Christina Pfeiffer was a guest of Tourism Thailand

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Thai Airways flies to Bangkok. For more ideas on places to visit in Thailand see 10 things to do in Bangkok. 

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Christina Pfeiffer
I'm a writer, photographer and video blogger based in Queensland, Australia, when I'm not on the road. I've lived in three continents and my career as a travel journalist has take be to all seven continents. Since 2003, I have contributed travel stories to mainstream media in Australia and around the world such as the Sydney Morning Herald, CNN Traveller, The Australian and the South China Morning Post. I have won many travel writing awards and I'm a full member of the Australian Society of Travel Writers.


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