Canadian Maritimes crafts and culture

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My hands are covered in warm, silky chocolate. Suddenly my nose starts to itch and I’m I trouble. It’s not easy to scratch your nose when you’re fingers are full of gooey chocolate. I’m in the production area of Island Chocolates in Victoria-by-the-Sea in Prince Edward Island. It’s a messy, but downright delicious experience, in spite of having an itchy nose. Here’s my guide to the crafts and culture of the Canadian Maritimes provinces. 

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Some of the chocolates Sandra and Barrie made in the workshop. Photo: Sandra Phinney

Island Chocolates is both a family-run business and an Economuseum.

Not only is it located in a charming village with wonderful places to eat, there’s also quirky places to shop, a fabulous kayaking outfitter, and great theatre in Victoria-by-the-Sea.  

So much for the location; now to zero in on the company and what makes it so special.

What exactly is an Economuseum anyway?

For starters, I mentioned that it’s an Economuseum.

This means that it’s the workplace of an artisan who makes specialty crafts or food items.

Visitors are invited in to watch (and sometimes take part in) the process.

Everything is based on traditional skills.

There are 70 Economuseum members in the world. Six of them are in Atlantic Canada, so this is pretty special.

Although the products differ widely, visitors can expect certain things at each location.

First, there’s always a workshop area where you can watch the artisans at work (in some places you can sign up for short workshops and work right along with the artisans).

You’ll also find a reading area where you can learn more about what’s being made; staff or owners who are happy to talk about the traditions used in whatever craft is being employed; and a boutique.

Prince Edward Island 

Island Chocolates, where “life is better with chocolate” 

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Outside view of Island Chocolates in Victoria-by-the-Sea. Photo: Sandra Phinney

Back to making chocolates on Prince Edward Island.

At Island Chocolates, you’ll meet Eric, Linda and Emma Gilbert. What they’ve done here is simply amazing.

Their focus is on making high quality Belgian chocolate products. I learned more about cacao in a couple of hours than I did in a lifetime.

After we tried our hand at making hand-dipped chocolates, we had a delicious hot chocolate (natch!) and poured through albums showing different aspects of the family’s business.

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One of the many displays inside Island Chocolates. Photo: Sandra Phinney

It was especially interesting to see photos of Eric’s journeys to Guatemala and Nicaragua and his work with cacao farmers where he’s been instrumental in setting up cooperatives, which has enabled them to enjoy a bigger share of the profit.

Our visit to Island Chocolates was educational, delicious and inspiring.

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Visitor Barrie MacGregor pours chocolate into molds. Photo: Sandra Phinney

Here are more things to do in Prince Edward Island


Dark Tickle – the magic of berries


Over in Newfoundland, we visited Dark Tickle on the Great Northern Peninsula in St- Lunair-Griquet. Oh my. We saw berry products here that I didn’t even know existed.

The artisans here manufacture jams, sauces, syrups, teas, vinegars, chutneys, relish and chocolates made from wild berries found in Newfoundland and Labrador.

The berries— bakeapple, blueberry, squashberry, partridgeberry and crowberry—are picked by hand and carefully processed.

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One of my favourite products is Iceberg Chocolates – Newfoundland “Bergy Bits” made with fine milk chocolate and wild blueberries.

Outside, there’s a lovely boardwalk where you can take a short hike through the bogs to see where some of these berries come from.

Be on the look out for Sebastien and Nieves, two Newfoundland dogs who are frequently on the premises.

They are the friendliest dogs on the planet.  

If you are lucky, perhaps you’ll be visiting at a time when at least one kind of berry is in season.

Anywhere you travel in Newfoundland and Labrador, the locals will be happy to share with you their favourite picking grounds so don’t be shy about asking.

Read about Newfoundland’s Iceberg Alley and a food experience in St John’s

Nova Scotia

The Bay Hammock Company – relaxing in a hammock

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Feeling lost (but comfy) in the giant hammock. Photo: Sandra Phinney

Nova Scotia has three Economuseum companies.

The Bay Hammock Company in Seabrook features Canada’s largest hammock.  

The hammock is 45 feet (13m) long and is a real eye-popper.

One thing that’s a lot of fun is to actually sit in the giant hammock.

Once in, you just want to curl up with a book and invite your family to join you.

Inside, you’ll likely meet the owner, Michelle Taggart and expert hammock weaver Lynn Sallans.

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Michelle Taggart, owner at Bay Hammocks, demonstrates how to make rope. Photo: Sandra Phinney

We especially enjoyed watching rope being made on 100-year-old machines, which is then turned by hand into hammocks, chairs and accessories.

Amos Pewter—the wonder of pewter

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Pewter demonstration in Mahone Bay. Picture: Christina Pfeiffer.

Further down the coast of Nova Scotia, in Mahone Bay, is Amos Pewter—the first artisan shop in Nova Scotia to become a member of the international Economuseum network.  

It’s a large shop with many stations where you can see artisans making stunning pieces of jewellery, home décor items, table ware and collectibles.

The process involves ladling hot molten pewter into a spinning mould made form a wax sculpture that’s been carved to replicate a detailed hand-drawn design.

After it comes out of the mould, each piece is hand-finished.  

Smaller Amos Pewter studios are located on the waterfront in Halifax and Peggy’s Cove, along with a spot in Peake’s Quay in Charlottetown, P.E.I.

Although the last three places I mentioned are not as large as the original setup in Mahone Bay, the staff at all locations love introduce folks to “the touch of pewter.”  

Sprucetop Rug Hooking Studio—getting hooked on rugs

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Photo: Sprucetop Rug Hooking Studio
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Photo: Sprucetop Rug Hooking Studio

Also in Mahone Bay is Sprucetop Rug Hooking Studio, located in an old 1800s home. 

Chances are you’ve never made a rug before … but chances are that you’ll want to after you visit Carol and Nan.

They are keen to show newcomers how to hook or braid a rug and there’s lot of kits available for you to take home.

If you have time to take a workshop, they offer several, from dying techniques to making custom designs.

And, of course, you can shop ‘till you drop here as there are several galleries on site; the selection is huge.  

Find out more things to do in Nova Scotia

New Brunswick

Heritage Wrought Iron—more than forging horseshoes

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Paul Fontaine forges a piece of metal at Heritage Wrought Iron in New Brunswick. Photo: Heritage Wrought Iron

The sixth Economuseum in  Atlantic Canada is Heritage Wrought Iron in MacDougall Settlement, New Brunswick, where Acadian blacksmith Paul Fontaine not only does restoration work, he also makes everything from railings to fireside tools and ornamental iron works.    

Some of his projects are huge while others are small, including hooks, wine racks and candle holders.  

Alas, we’ve not had the pleasure of visiting Paul’s shop but it’s top of list as soon as we can plan a trip in that region.  

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A portion of the inside of the Heritage Wrought Iron ÉCONOMUSÉE® Photo: Heritage Wrought Iron

As you can see, an ÉCONOMUSÉE® is a special place. The owners-artisans love to share what they do.

They also invite you to roll up your sleeves and to experience first hand what they are doing. Just don’t let your sleeves get into the vat of chocolate.

Then you’ll have to deal with both an itchy nose and some pretty messy clothing—albeit tasty.

Read about other things to do in New Brunswick.

Canadian Maritimes crafts and culture

Canadian Maritimes crafts and culture

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sandra phinney
My byline has appeared in over 60 publications, on topics spanning everything from business and health, to food and travel. The fact that Atlantic Canada is in my own back yard is a bonus for me. I contribute content and photos about Atlantic Canada to several guide books, and am considered to be the go-to person when people are looking for content (or advice on where to travel) specific to this region.