11 Traditional Canadian Foods

11 Traditional Canadian Foods


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11 Traditional Canadian Foods

Canada’s favourite culinary traditions are regional mainstays that stem from a heritage that goes back to the Aboriginal ancestors and Canada’s first European settlers. These days, traditional Canadian foods are dished up with fun fresh epicurean twists that have the mouths watering for a whole new generation of foodie lovers.

Forged from the oldest bedrock on earth in a country where the oldest skyscrapers are the ancient Redwoods is it any wonder then that Canada’s finest natural ingredients have become fabulous fodder to the new Canadian culinary scene?

food-in-canadaIt also helps that Canada has experienced an explosion of rich ethnic dishes from its varied immigrant communities.

No longer is the once-standard culinary scene of meat and potatoes considered a Canadian foodie staple.  

Here are the mainstays, the quintessential Canadian tastes.

national food of canada
Is there such a thing as a national food of Canada?

11 Traditional Canadian foods and drinks

1- Nanaimo bar

canadian snacks
One of the most popular Canadian snacks is the Nanaimo bar.

At the top of our Canadian snacks list is the Nanaimo bar.

A creamy chocolate-rich treat invented in Nanaimo in British Columbia, this sweet treat is heaven in a block.

The traditional Nanaimo bar is topped with chocolate and has a chocolate and coconut base with a creamy pastry filling.

The best place to enjoy Nanaimo heaven is the Nanaimo Bar trail in Nanaimo.

These days, there are all kinds of versions including gluten-free, vegan and organic.

There’s a bacon-topped version, deep fried Nanaimo bar and a Nanaimo bar spring roll.

2- Peameal on a bun

peameal in a bun
One of the traditional Canadian foods in eastern Canada.

A carb-heavy sandwich of Canadian bacon rolled in cornmeal pan fried ‘til the edges are crispy, Peameal on a bun is preferably served with pepper and regular mustard on a buttered Kaiser roll.

Sounds delicious? You’re right! This typical Canadian food is an Ontario favourite. 

So, eating peameal on a bun is one of the fun things to do in Toronto.

3- The Caesar

It might be mistaken for a Bloody Mary but it’s not.

This spicy tomato juice cocktail is really a proprietary Clamato juice infused with vodka and droplets of salty Worcester sauce served in a celery salt-rimmed glass with a lime wedge.

Best place to taste? Everywhere in Canada but especially in Alberta at the Westin Hotel in Calgary, the old haunt where restaurateur Walter Chell crafted the libation in 1969.

canadian cocktail
The Caesar is a typical Canadian cocktail you must try when visiting Canada.
canadian icewine
Drinking icewine is a Canadian tradition in Quebec and Ontario.

4- Ice Wine

Canada’s liquid gold is served chilled and made from the juice of hand-picked vine-ripened frozen grapes.

Compared to regular grapes, these have a higher sugar concentration and a heftier sticker price.

In Ontario, around Niagara-on-the-Lake, British Columbia, where ice wine was first produced (in the Okanagan Valley) in 1972, Quebec and Nova Scotia.

5- Cedar Plank Salmon

traditional Canadian foods
Cedar plank salmon is one of the traditional Canadian foods that everyone will love. Photo: Quinn Dombrowski

An old Aboriginal delicacy that’s been reinvented over the generations, Cedar plank salmon it has become a favorite staple on either coast.

It involves putting a salmon steak – freshly caught and not farmed – between two slabs of cedar planks over a fire pit or BBQ.

Enjoying a great gab session while the tasty salmon is cooking is all part of the social aspect of dining on cedar plank salmon.

Best place to taste this traditional Canadian food?

Either off the coast of British Columbia, while enjoying sweeping views, or the Atlantic in a quaint Nova Scotia hamlet.

6- Poutine

plate of poutine
Need some carbs? Poutine is one of the traditional Canadian foods to put on your taste list. Photo: Fitz And Folwell

A huge carb-heavy favourite, Poutine is really French Fries served over cheese curds topped with gravy sauce and is best consumed after a late-night drinking spell.

A Quebec classic, poutine can be found anywhere in Quebec.

7- Canadian Maple Syrup

Sugar shack at the Sourdough Rendezvous in Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada.

This sticky, goopy thick nectar tapped from Canada’s maple trees is highly anticipated every spring when Mother Nature begins the annual thaw.

Sugar bush connoisseurs hit the forest and tap into Canada’s other liquid gold.

Although Canadian maple syrup is another Quebec classic, Ontario and the Yukon have some good spots and you’ll find a sugar shack just about anywhere where there’s snow. 

8- Lobster Sandwich

canadians food
The lobster sandwich is tasty Canadian food found everywhere in Atlantic Canada. Photo: Christina Pfeiffer

There was a time when children of poor Atlantic fishermen used to take lobster sandwiches to school because there wasn’t any meat and codfish was strictly for reselling.

Nowadays, the lobster sandwich is en vogue and can be found in trendy restos around Montreal.

It’s preferably eaten freshly steamed and lightly coated with mayo sandwiched between a heated hotdog bun.

Best place to taste this delicious Canadian food?

Anywhere in Atlantic Canada and Montreal.

Aside from the lobster sandwich, Atlantic Canada has some weird and wonderful food traditions worth investigating.  

9- Bagels

traditional canadian foods
The bagel is a popular Canadian food. Photo: Christina Pfeiffer

When in Montreal, you need to try the bagels.

There’s a rivalry going on between Montreal and New York as to which city has the best bagels.

The bagels in Montreal are smaller and denser than the bagels made in New York.

Montreal’s bagels come in different varieties and are commonly topped with sesame or poppy seeds.

The two most famous places in Montreal are St-Viateur Bagel Bakery and Fairmount Bagel.

10- Tourtiere

canadian dishes
One of the famous Canadian foods most popular in Quebec.

A traditional Quebecois meat pie usually stuffed with beef, pork or veal, the tourtiere is the quintessential Canadian comfort food with universal appeal.

Best place to taste?

Anywhere in Quebec but for an Aussie twist (and the slight chance of bumping into Hugh Jackman) try Ta Pies in Montreal.

11- Butter tarts

Canada food guide
The butter tart is a sweet Canadian treat. Photo: OntarioTourism

Butter tarts are a quintessentially Canadian dessert but it inspires madness in the province of Ontario.

The biggest rivalry happens at a stretch famously known as the Butter Tart Trail in the small town of Kenilworth in the Township of Wellington North.

But there’s another area around the Kawarthas Northumberland region that has their own trail too.

Whichever one you choose, sweet tooth lovers can take a self-guided butter tart tour on either trail.

The rich decadently sinful baked goodie is a traditional favourite that many an Ontarian grandma has made for every special occasion.

Believe it or not, there are over a dozen varieties to try.

The best? This summer there was a butter tart bake-off contest in Midland, Ontario. The home baking winner was a peanut butter banana bacon butter tart by Hisako Niimi, an Ottawa based Japan-born home baker who was inspired by Elvis’ favorite food combo.

11 Traditional Canadian Foods
11 Traditional Canadian Foods

10 Places To Eat Canadian Food 

Mention the word ‘trails’ to a Canadian and they are bound to respond with a bunch of details, most of which, are a prelude to the big, beautiful natural bounty on a scenic scale.

Now throw in that you’re kinda hungry and observe the reaction. Depending on what part of this fabulous country you popped the vital question, “Are there any trails for hungry folk?” prepare for a response of gastronomic proportions.

Just don’t bother getting on a scale once you completed this hurdle of plates.

Read on for our pick of 10 food trails in Canada worth wagging tongues over.

food in canada
Wherever you go in Canada, there’s a tasty Canadian food experience to tickle your tastebuds. Clockwise from top left: 1- Bakeries in Heritage Park Historical Village in Calgary Alberta. Photo: Heritage Park Historical Village, 2- Winter in Lake Louise Ski Area in Alberta. Photo: Banff Lake Louise Tourism/Noel Hendrickson, 3- Food Carts in Ottawa Ontario. Photo: Destination Canada 4- Cranberries in Johnston’s Cranberry Marsh & Muskoka Lakes Winery in Muskoka Ontario. Photo: Johnston’s Cranberry Marsh, 5- Walking Tours in Vancouver, British Columbia Photo: Vancouver Foodie Tours, 6- Culinary Schools in Le Cordon Bleu Ottawa Culinary Arts in Ottawa Ontario Photo: Le Cordon Bleu Ottawa Culinary Arts Institute

1- Okanagan Valley, BC: Wine Route

Okanagan Valley wine route
Enjoy Canadian food and wine in the lovely Okanagan Vallen. Many wineries in the Thompson Okanagan region have stunning views of Okanagan Lake.

This grape-growing region in British Columbia is superb wine country.

A combination of terroir, a climate bound by its southerly location, makes the spot not only a wine lover’s dream but a scenic fantasy where the mantra “know your farmer know your food” rings true.

Picture lake country with scenic sips in between. Don’t take our word for it though. Indulge in the Kelowna Wine Trail, with its various routes of 27 wineries.

Take a road trip around the Okanagan or join a hop-on-hop-off guided tour, for a stress-free easy-peasy experience led by knowledgeable wine enthusiasts.

The wine trails can be enjoyed year round too.

2- Nova Scotia Seafood Trails

Nova Scotia seafood trail
Canadian cuisine in Nova Scotia revolves around seafood. Clockwise from top left: 1- Eating Lobsters in Murphy’s Harbour Queen in Halifax Nova Scotia. Photo: Nova Scotia Tourism/Len Wagg, 2- Oysters in Lobster Kettle Restaurant in Cape Breton Island, Louisbourg in Nova Scotia. Photo: Destination Canada 3- Cooking food in Trout Point Lodge of Nova Scotia. Photo: Trout Point Lodge

This North Atlantic Ocean Maritime province knows how to lure seafood lovers.

Cast your net and indulge in some of the freshest, finest, and favourite culinary finds.

Nova Scotia has a new culinary trail with over 80 stops devoted solely to seafood.

It’s also Canada’s first trail devoted to seafood experiences from lobster boils and chowder to freshly shucked oysters and fresh catch of the day.

Whatever your seafood craving, Nova Scotians have your foodie niche covered.

Tour the Chowder Trail, the Lobster Trail, the Oyster Trail, and yes, the Fish and Chips Trail.

3- Niagara Wine Trails

Niagara wine trails
Wine tasting in Inniskillin Niagara Estate Wines in Niagara-on-the-Lake Ontario. Photo: Destination Canada.

Up the road from famous Niagara Falls lies that other popular attraction: Niagara wineries.

It seems every month there’s a new winery popping up.

Most of them have teamed up to form some kind of wine trail too, making it easy for wine lovers to track them down as they map out their quest to explore the next best attraction beside the Niagara Falls.

Wineries like Peller Estates and Ravine Vineyard Winery have also added a restaurant sidebar so you can sip and savour the seasonal flavours amid views of wine country or in a farm dining atmosphere.

4- Quebec’s Sugar Shack Trail

typical canadian foods
Sugar shacks in Quebec are fun to visit for the whole family. They serve typical Canadian foods. Photos: Christina Pfeiffer.

In the country of the maple leaf, there’s no better way to indulge in a national favourite than to hit the sugar shacks in Quebec for the most delicious discoveries.

The province is literally dotted with them.


Because it’s a long-standing Quebec tradition that dates back to the ancient Amerindians.

Choose a family one-stop shop in the woods or those bigger sugar shacks and you won’t be disappointed.

We like the Chemin du Terroir.

Tucked in the beauty of the Laurentians, there’s plenty to taste along the way as you head to one of the finest sugar shacks in the region.

5- Yukon Klondike Kitchens

klondike kate
Taste typicall Canadian foods in the Yukon. Clockwise from top left: Campfire at Yukon River – The Classic: Lake Laberge to Dawson City. Photo: Ruby Range Adventure Ltd.. 2- Camping in Nahanni River in Yukon. Photo: Canadian River Expeditions/Nahanni River Adventures. 3- Northern Lights. Photo: Destination Canada.

Treasures abound in this world once ruled by prospectors and gold rushers who came in search of Eldorado.

From saloons to sluice boxes, discover your inner Klondike prospector in Dawson City as you sample some old-fashioned delicacies at the old-timey restos and bare bone bars.

No visit is complete to the Great White North until you bite into freshly caught Yukon fish at Klondike Kate’s or a decadent bourbon reubens (that’s a smoked meat sandwich with Swiss cheese, pickles and sauerkraut) finished with a goopy doughnut dish smothered in cream cheese icing sauce at the old Triple J Restaurant.

Next, throwback local libations like the legendary Sourtoe cocktail at the Sourdough Saloon or martinis like Titillating Tart, the Temptress, and Spank my Naughty Ass, fun monikers reflecting the former past-time at Bombay Peggy’s Pub. (Read: It used to be an old brothel).

6- Alberta’s Cowboy Cookout Banff National Park

Canadian food trails - Alberta Banff national park
Horseback Riding in Wilderness Cookouts with Banff Trail Riders serve up traditional Canadian foods of the backcountry. Photos: Travel Alberta/ Banff Trail Riders

Nothing beats fresh air and splendid views to work up an appetite.

Now hitch a wagon ride or horseback into the pristine backcountry with a local tour operator offering cook-out experiences.

For this breathtaking trip head into the heart of Banff, Canada’s first national park with Discover Banff Tours.

Good for the family or novices, first-time riders can saddle up for a three-hour ride and enjoy an old-fashioned cookout.

Tasty comfort food reins big there.

Think big bowls of chilli and seared steaks.

7- Manitoba’s Around the World in 8 or 9 plates

Canadian food trails - winnipeg food
Popular Canadian foods in Winnipeg are influenced by the city’s muticultural background. Winnipeg’s culinary delights can be enjoyed all year round. Photos: Christina Pfeiffer.

Anywhere around Manitoba’s capital, you’re bound to hear patois spoken especially since the city ‘pegs’ over 100 languages.

That means expect culinary flavours galore.

So it’s not surprising that one of the top things to do in Winnipeg is to savour the flavours.

Some favourites include Sun Fortune off Pembina Highway for Hong Kong style Chinese and Dwarf no Cachette in St. Boniface for Japanese dishes.

8- Ontario’s Culinary Bounty of the County

Food trails in Canada Prince Edward County Taste Trail
Typical Canadian foods of the countryside are fresh and hearty. Here’s a fruit and Vegetables stand in Prince Edward County Ontario. Photo: Huff Estates Inn and Winery.

A cornucopia of plenty waits in Ontario’s farm country – Prince Edward County on the shores of Lake Ontario.

Locals stick to an undisputed regiment involving fresh farm-to-table gourmet sensations that have been so talked about.

There’s even a Taste Trail devoted to the epicurean delights.

Nicknamed “The County,” locals embrace and take great pride in their fruits of labour, be it a glass of wine or dining experiences.

No wonder the national newspaper, The Globe and Mail, has anointed this slice of terroir as Ontario’s Gastronomic Capital.

Look for the Taste Trail road signs for this foodie odyssey.

9- New Brunswick – Lobster Capital of the World

Food trails in Canada Lobster Capital of the World
Did you know that lobster is a famous Canadian food? From left: 1- Lobsters in Pointe de Chene in New Brunswick. Photo: Asymetric/Mathew Vibert, 2- Lobsters in Fredericton Boyce Farmers Market in New Brunswick. Photo: Tourism New Brunswick, 3- Eating a Lobsters in New Brunswick.Photo: Photo: Asymetric/Mathew Vibert

Indulge in the world of lobsters in New Brunswick, the “Lobster Capital of the World.”

Whether the setting is a quaint country-style restaurant or a lobster boil on the beach, the experience will be a bib full of fun with this finger-lickin’ good lobster meal.

That’s how to eat them by the way… don a checkered red and white bib and dip the freshly boiled lobster into melted butter.

One of the finest discoveries is to take a riveting boat tour led by experienced lobster fishermen, like with Shediac Bay Cruises.

The rich Acadian heritage is alive and well. Besides learning about ancient maritime customs and listening to “Old Salt” tales, you’ll feast on finger licking good crustaceans.

10- Montreal croissant and bagel trail

Food trails in Canada - croissants in Montreal
French Canadian cuisine is flavoursome in Montreal. Clockwise from top left: 1- Cafes in St-Viateur Bagel in Montreal Quebec. Photo: Alice Gao, 2- Eating breakfast in Cafes in Old Quebec, 3- Breakfast food in Montreal Quebec, 4- Eating at the Patios of Restaurants in Montreal Quebec Photo: Destination Canada.

Packing the carbs on is pretty heavenly once you sample a bakery crawl like no other.

In Montreal, bakers like the locals take croissants and bagels seriously.

For croissants, head to either Patisserie Au Kouign Amann on the Plateau for a sinful sampling of buttery-infused croissants done by a Normandy-trained patissier or Mamie Clafoutis (there are five locations in Montreal) for her ‘Mon Dieu’ chocolate croissants.

For bagels, there’s been a long-running stand-off more like some healthy competition between two acclaimed bagel shops: the melt-in-your-mouth bagels from St. Viateur and Fairmount, Montreal’s first bagel shop. Try them both and tell us your favourite.

Food Fantasy
Food Fantasy

Ilona Kauremszky lives in Toronto and grew up on staple Canadian food. 


  1. This is a very mouth watering post. While some things sound quite off putting like the peameal and the poutine other things sound fabulous. I had never heard of ice wine or the Caesar so I would definitely try those. I’m more familiar with maple syrup and salmon and clams, though I’d still try them again. I’d definitely go on the Giant Bar Clam Dig adventure! What fun!

  2. I love to read food posts in your blog, it’s always exciting to me! I love to have Nanaimo bars and I eat a lot of them at once when I get a chance. The other thing I like most from the list is The Caeser.


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