Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo

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Tokyo’s famous Tsukiji fish market held its last New Year’s Eve auction in 2017 and Tokyo’s famous fish market moved to the Toyosu waterfront district in October 2018.

Visiting a fish market may not exactly be on your bucket list, but trust me, if you are in Tokyo, this is a MUST see! Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo is the biggest fish market in the world and is usually part of a typical Japan itinerary. It’s busy, vibrant and full of seafood not often seen elsewhere in the world. Tsukiji Fish Market is a fabulous Tokyo market and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Tokyo.

It is a large sprawling wholesale market for fish, fruit and vegetables in central Tokyo. Lying between the Sumida River and Ginza shopping district, entry is free.

How to get to Tsukiji Fish Market

You can get to Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo from Tokyo Station on the Marunouchi and Hibiya Subway lines in six to seven minutes, or from Shinjuku Station on the Oedo Subway line in about 20 minutes.

tsukiji fish market moving
Left to right: Outer Market Restaurant, Outer Market – Knives For Sale.

Tsukiji Fish Market – OUTER MARKET

The Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo ‘outer market’ is where numerous wholesale and retail shops, as well as restaurants, cater to the public.

You’ll find Japanese kitchen tools, restaurant supplies, groceries and seafood. And also, you will love trying the Tsukiji Fish Market sushi and the popular bonito flakes (dried smoked skipjack tuna) too.

The outer market usually closes by early afternoon. It’s a great place to wander around, buy some wares or eat some local freshly cooked food.

tsukiji fish market sushi
Left to right: Outer Market – Delicious Fresh Food, including Tsukiji Fish Market sushi and Bonito Flakes.

Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo – INNER MARKET

The fascinating action happens in the  ‘inner market’ at Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo. It is a Japanese institution that sells 2000 tons of marine products daily.

There are up to 400 different types of seafood, from tiny sardines to 300kg tuna, as well as controversial whale meat.

tsukiji fish market tokyo
Left to right: Entrance To Inner Market, Inner Market Sellers

To give you some idea of the size of this commerce, over 700,000 metric tons of seafood are handled each year at the three main seafood markets in Tokyo, with a total value of over 600 billion yen or 5.9 billion US dollars in 2013.

Let The Auction Begin

Around 3 am the market vendors prepare for wholesale business. The highlight is the big seafood auction.

From 5 pm the previous day, shipments come in by truck, plane and ship from all over the world.

Middlemen run around examining the quality of the seafood and estimating prices prior to the auction.

tsukiji fish market tokyo
Left to right: Large Tuna, Large Tuna Heads being wheeled through the Tsukiji Fish market, Old Wooden Carts.

Such is the popularity of Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo that the auction is restricted to only 60 tourists at a time.

There are two sessions a day, starting at 5 am and ending around 10 am. Bookings must be made well in advance if you want to witness this amazing event at Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo.

From around 9 am, the inner market is then accessible to the public. There are approximately 900 licensed sellers with hundreds of small stands along narrow lanes lined by carts and trucks.

Rules Of The Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo

Strict rules are to be followed by tourists as the Tsukiji Fish Market is a serious commercial hub. The main rules are:

  • Do not enter areas restricted to authorized personnel
  • Do not obstruct traffic
  • Do not bring large bags or suitcases into the market
  • Do not wear high-heeled shoes or sandals
  • Do not bring small children or pets
  • Do not smoke
  • Do not touch anything!

Whilst totally fascinated by live turtles poking their heads through nets, I transgress by stroking one on the nose and I’m abruptly reprimanded by the shopkeeper – oops!

fish market japan
Left to right: Live Turtle, Live Eels

Weird things at the Tsukiji Fish Market 

It’s around 10 am and we are amazed by the intensity of the hustle and bustle.

Seafood, both alive and dead, is for sale in abundance.

There are many things we can’t recognise or name.

A large tub of wriggling eels captures my attention. It’s second only to the fascination and pity I have for the live turtles.

There are also live (and moving) molluscs, urchins, jellies and crabs that send a shiver down my spine.

tokyo market
Live Fish tanks  and Molluscs

The huge fresh and frozen tuna had already been cut with long Samurai-like knives or bandsaws and sold.

There’s blood on the floor, which the market works constantly spray down. So definitely wear sensible shoes and clothing!

The only whale meat we find is in small tins or tiny vacuum packs in the outer market. Apparently whale meat ‘scientific research’ is losing its popularity amongst many Japanese.

Tsukiji Fish Market tour
Left to right: Old-Style Ice Machine, Whale Meat, Styrofoam Boxes.

Sellers are feverously running around pulling old wooden carts or driving more modern electric ‘turret trucks’.

Beware of the latter as they creep up on you in an almost silent mode. And they don’t stop for tourists so have your wits about you and get out of the way, fast!

Huge blocks of ice were still being cut by hand knives and axes, then put into old conveyor-style crushing machines, to end up in big tubs distributed to the sellers.

The market largely quietens down around 11 am to noon.

The main lanes are cleaned out with large sprinkler trucks spraying water, and the huge heaps of empty used styrofoam boxes are then heat-treated and recycled. A few hours later, the cycle starts all over again…

For more about Japan read:

Tsujiki Fish Market Move

The Tsukiji Market has been at its current site since the Great Kanto earthquake in 1923, which devastated much of central Tokyo. It was rebuilt and began operations in 1935.

However, due to the ageing market’s infrastructure and in preparation for the 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics requiring prime land in the centre of Tokyo, a controversial move has been planned to a new site in Toyosu, Koto.

tsukiji fish market japan
Ageing Market

So if you want to experience the market as it is and has been for over 80 years, in all its ageing glory and traditional ways, plan your visit now before October. You won’t be disappointed!

Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo

Tsukiji Fish Market Tokyo